Following the accident at Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO)'s Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in March 2011, the Joint Research Centre’s (JRC) Institute for Energy and Transport (IET) of the European Commission (JRC’s IET) in cooperation with the IAEA recognized the criticality and need for preserving knowledge of experts in emergency operations, radiation protection and emergency management who were involved in the Major Nuclear Accidents (TMI NPP, Chernobyl NPP, Fukushima Daiichi NPP) or in the mitigation and/or analysis of their consequences locally and globally. Within the general Memorandum of Understanding, signed between the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Department of Nuclear Energy (IAEA (NE) and the European Commission (EC), JRC’s IET proposed a closer cooperation in development of Multi Media material for Nuclear Knowledge Preservation, Dissemination and Capacity Building where the IAEA has already developed several examples.
The most interesting question to be discussed is how people learn from their mistakes. In current society different kinds of serious accidents happen. And experience has shown that they are mostly either engineering mistakes where certain relations or material behavior was not calculated properly, or it is a human error. It is proven that the biggest proportion of mistakes relates to human error. Within the scope of this project, we discuss the question of knowledge preservation. Information will be preserved. It is very important and many people have been writing down different facts but the experience and boundary conditions for decision making in a given situation often gets lost.
The main objective of this project is to initiate preservation of Major Nuclear Accidents Knowledge. This refers primarily to the tacit knowledge of experts which can be lost within next 5 years due to retirement or other attrition factors.
Within the scope of the project, a knowledge package was produced. It is based on experts’ discussions and interviews related to major nuclear accidents and mitigation of their consequences. The knowledge package is supposed to preserve knowledge of experts who have been directly involved in the accidents and should be used for training purposes.
The Multimedia Knowledge Package is covering three subject fields:
Each of these Modules refers to the analysis of all 3 major accidents. Each module consists of facts captured in some publications or documentary videos, as well as open discussions with specialists and experts who have been directly involved and have experienced the flow and the consequences of the accidents.